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HSE Schemes explained


NAUSEA AND VOMITING

Nausea and vomiting are symptoms that have many possible causes. While there are treatments to prevent nausea and vomiting, once vomiting has started it is very difficult to stop with Over The Counter medicines, as they do not spend long enough in the stomach to act.

The very young and elderly easily become dehydrated when vomiting. Vomiting of milk in infants may be due to infection, feeding problems or a gut obstruction. You should seek the advice of your pharmacist when dealing with infants. Vomiting is different from regurgitation, where food never reaches the stomach. It is common in babies, but would be more serious in adults. The main difference is that there is not nausea with regurgitation.

Pregnancy, especially the first one, may be a cause of nausea and vomiting in the first month or two. Keep this in mind if you are a woman of childbearing age suffering unexplained nausea and vomiting. Alcohol intake may be the cause of vomiting.

Prescribed and OTC (over the counter) medicines may cause nausea and vomiting. Aspirin and Ibuprofen are common causes. If you are taking a newly prescribed medication call the pharmacist in order to identify whether it could be the cause of the trouble.

Dodgy food or a stomach bug may be the cause of vomiting. What did you eat recently? Is there anyone else affected in the household? Have any of your family, friends or colleagues been sick or out from work?

An acute infection, i.e. gastro-enteritis is often responsible for vomiting and in these cases diarrhoea may also be present.

Travel sickness also known as motion sickness is caused by a conflict in your brain, where your eyes tell you that you are not moving, but your sense of balance has a totally different notion - your brain responds by turning you pale, causing you to break into a cold sweat and making you vomit. This is dealt with in the motion sickness section.

Treatment:
Infants and children under two years of age should be brought to the doctor at the first sign of vomiting as they are at high risk of becoming dehydrated.

If the patient is very young or elderly they will require rehydration immediately. A rehydration preparation may be taken during the first day and a half to prevent dehydration. In these circumstances for any episode lasting more than 42 hours the patient should see a doctor.

If the patient has not begun vomiting, but is complaining of nausea, then MELLISSA COMP is a very effective traditional herbal remedy for the relief of nausea, stomachache, and upset stomach. Ten to twenty drops can be taken in a little water every hour up to 8 times a day. You should visit your doctor if you begin to vomit and drink lots of fluids.

If the patient has nausea due to hangover, then NUX VOMICA 6C can be added to the MELLISSA COMP (2 tablets dissolved on the tongue 2 hourly up to 6 doses then every 8 hours from then on). These homeopathic remedies act quickly to reduce all the symptoms of a hangover.

Adults should go to the doctor if they have been vomiting for two days. If you have already taken anything for the nausea and vomiting you should inform your pharmacist or the doctor. If the patient is a baby, vomiting may be due to an infection or feeding problems. Regurgitation sometimes occurs in infants and is a normal occurrence.

Nausea and vomiting are very common in pregnancy. There are no medicines available Over The Counter that can be recommended but many people find Seabands (usually used for motion sickness) help.

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